When it comes to choosing metal alloys, the melting point is crucial. A metal’s melting point is the moment when the element goes from a solid to a liquid. This point can vary depending on the composition of the metal and its alloy.
Metals are excellent at transferring heat and surviving extreme temperatures. Some metals have low melting points, while others have high ones. In general, metals are used in industrial applications because of their strength and corrosion resistance. However, metals can also change their form when exposed to heat.
For instance, iron and steel have very high melting points. But, copper and aluminum have lower melting points. Aluminum has a melting point of about 865 to 1,240 degrees Fahrenheit (463-671 degrees Celsius).
The melting point of a particular metal depends on its composition. If a metal is alloyed with other elements, its melting point will rise. These elements include zinc, nickel, lead, and copper. Steel’s melting point is 1,205 to 1,370 degrees Fahrenheit (650 to 800 degrees Celsius).
There are other types of metals with melting points that are less common. These are known as post-transition metals. These are metals that are softer than transition metals, but conduct poorly.
Metals with low melting points can be melted in order to join two objects together. The most common use of low-melting alloys is in solders. Solders are shaped like wires and are used to join materials together. They are often used in machine shops, jewelry, and circuit boards.